The case for CSR/ Sustainability Reporting Done Responsibly


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Home / GRI Standards / GRI-306 / GRI 306: Waste 2020 is launched

GRI 306: Waste 2020 is launched

GRI announced the launch of GRI 306: Waste 2020, the first globally applicable tool for organisations to report and communicate on their waste impacts.  Tweet This! The Waste Standard introduces a stronger relationship between materials and waste to assist reporters in identifying and managing their waste-related practices, and impacts, throughout their value chain.

By including updated disclosures, circularity and waste prevention concepts, the Waste Standard reflects global best practices on waste management. This provides for a practical and usable tool and harmonisation with SDG 12. GRI 306: Waste 2020 includes two management approach – beyond the GRI 103 guidelines – and three topic-specific disclosures, that will support organisations to:

  • Understand and publicly report how procurement, design and use of materials lead to waste-related impacts.
  • Provide comprehensive insights into the quantity and quality of waste – including its causes, where it is generated and how impacts are managed.
  • Identify and report on circularity and waste prevention opportunities and actions.
  • Assess and take responsibility for waste generated throughout the value chain, both upstream and downstream.

The Waste Standard updates, expands and replaces GRI 306: Effluents & Waste 2016. It is applicable for organisations of all sizes, wherever they are in their waste management and reporting practice. The content of GRI 306: Waste 2020 was developed by a 15-member expert working group and underwent an open public comment period in 2019. There is a grace period regarding the use of the previous standard, as GRI 306: Waste 2020 will be effective from 01 January 2022.


The reporting requirements for management approach disclosures 306-1 και 306-2 (that are specific to the waste standard) are as follows:

Disclosure 306-1 Waste generation and significant waste-related impacts

The reporting organization shall report the following information:
a. For the organization’s significant actual and potential waste-related impacts, a description of:
i. the inputs, activities, and outputs that lead or could lead to these impacts;
ii. whether these impacts relate to waste generated in the organization’s own activities or to waste generated upstream or downstream in its value chain.

Disclosure 306-2 Management of significant waste-related impacts

The reporting organization shall report the following information:
a. Actions, including circularity measures, taken to prevent waste generation in the organization’s own activities and upstream and downstream in its value chain, and to manage significant impacts from waste generated.
b. If the waste generated by the organization in its own activities is managed by a third party, a description of the processes used to determine whether the third party manages the waste in line with contractual or legislative obligations.
c. The processes used to collect and monitor waste-related data.

Ready to download: GRI 306 Waste 2020 with management approach requirements specific to waste











The new Waste Standard also includes the following process flow examples:

  • Process flow A. Generic example (left)
  • Process flow B. Electronic consumer goods manufacturer
  • Process flow C. Food products manufacturer
  • Process flow D. Waste management organization







Globally, only the GRI Standards provide a complete set of standards that uniquely addresses all 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Sustainability reporters worldwide do not need to use any other sustainability framework for their report. GRI 306: Waste 2020 corresponds to the following SDGs:

  • SDG 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages



  • SDG 6: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all



  • SDG 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns



  • SDG 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development



  • SDG 15: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss






80% of the world’s 250 largest companies report in accordance with the GRI Standards

SustainCase was primarily created to demonstrate, through case studies, the importance of dealing with a company’s most important impacts in a structured way, with use of the GRI Standards. To show how today’s best-run companies are achieving economic, social and environmental success – and how you can too.

Research by well-recognised institutions is clearly proving that responsible companies can look to the future with optimism.

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Most importantly, you will gain the knowledge to use the GRI Standards, project manage your own first-class sustainability report and:

  • Identify your most important impacts on the Environment, Economy and Society
  • Begin taking solid, focused, all-round sustainability action ASAP



This article is based on published information by GRI. For the sake of readability, we did not use brackets or ellipses. However, we made sure that the extra or missing words did not change the publication’s meaning. If you would like to quote these written sources from the original please revert to the following link: