The case for CSR/ Sustainability Reporting Done Responsibly


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Insights on how you can protect the environment, maintain and increase the value of your company, through a structured process.

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GRI Standards – Comprehensive Option 2.0

Opinion – if you agree please share

Taking CSR/ ESG/ SDG/ Sustainability reporting to the next level
The GRI Standards do a marvelous job in helping companies take sustainable decisions that matter for the Environment, Economy and Society. This is why they are, overwhelmingly, the chosen framework for CSR/ ESG/ SDG/ Sustainability reporting. Today, 80% of the world’s 250 largest companies report according to the GRI Standards.


The aim of this opinion piece

With this opinion piece, the aim is twofold: a) to show how the GRI Standards Comprehensive Option can be evolved ASAP with little effort to one that accelerates positive change and b) call on companies to take action now, using existing standards. The clock is ticking and time is not on our side…


Two major issues in today’s world
1) Whilst there is a huge take-up of sustainability reporting by the largest companies globally, they only represent approximately 10% of the global economy. SMEs, which represent about 90%(1) of the global economy, are taking little or no action to address huge issues like climate change or their impacts on the economy and society.
2) We need to shift gears and accelerate change, dealing now with issues that are screaming ‘urgent’ – like taking action on climate change (2a) (2b) (2c). This has to be done now by the vast majority of companies, large and small, on a global scale. Companies must first identify their impacts and, then, must take focused action by measuring, managing and changing.


Evolving the GRI Standards Comprehensive Option to one that matters
In view of the pressing sustainability issues we are facing, I firmly believe that the Comprehensive Option of the GRI Standards must evolve to 2.0, designed to accelerate positive change  Tweet This!. The most important differences the Comprehensive Option has with Core, is that under Comprehensive, reporters must provide data for all General Disclosures and also give information on all disclosures for a topic defined as material.

I propose an updated Comprehensive Option, whereby companies, in addition to their material topics, will be required to report on:

1) four very important standards (descriptions below):

  • GRI Disclosure 201-1 Direct economic value generated and distributed(3)
  • GRI Standard 203 Indirect Economic Impacts(4)
  • GRI Standard 308 Supplier Environmental Assessment(5)
  • GRI Standard 414 Supplier Social Assessment(6)

2) at least one positive impact on society, using any of the GRI Standards but, more specifically, GRI 201 and 203
3) how they implemented GRI’s Reporting Principles, which help them demonstrate that they are not greenwashing


Making reporting under the Comprehensive option more targeted and effective
In addition to the above, I believe we must do away with reporting on all disclosures for a material topic and require companies to provide information on at least one disclosure – like the Core Option. Furthermore, a minimum number of General Disclosures that companies must report on should be set (it could be the same number of disclosures required with the core option). This will reduce the amount of information required and help companies focus on providing information that really matters and on how to bring positive change.


How is a company treating the society on which it relies for growth and profit? Businesses cannot succeed in societies that fail.
GRI Disclosure 201-1 Direct economic value generated and distributed
With this disclosure companies must report and provide information on:

  • Direct economic value generated: revenues;
  • Economic value distributed: operating costs, employee wages and benefits, payments to providers of capital, payments to government by country, and community investments;
  • Economic value retained: ‘direct economic value generated’ less ‘economic value distributed’.

GRI Standard 203 Indirect Economic Impacts

  • Disclosure 203-1 Infrastructure investments and services supported
  • Disclosure 203-2 Significant indirect economic impacts

What does this mean for the person in the street?

These are both marvellous GRI Standards that companies can use to report on their positive impacts. However, many companies see sustainability reporting as a tick box exercise and fail to realise the importance of using their strengths to tackle, head-on, the problems that seem to be always in the headlines. Imagine a world where most companies are finding solutions for the important issues in the societies they operate and rely on for profit/growth. Issues related to infrastructure, unemployment (most importantly, youth unemployment), support for local suppliers and economic development in areas of high poverty, or the availability of their products and services for those with low incomes.

Licence to operate – millennials
The European Parliament and politicians around the world will do a big favour to their societies if they make it mandatory for large companies to report on at least the above (GRI 201, GRI 203), in order to gain, in real terms, the licence to operate. This will empower stakeholders in these societies to assess and compare companies and take appropriate decisions. Millennials, who hold our future in their hands, are overwhelmingly pro-sustainability and are showing this with their every action. Research by well-recognised institutions is clearly proving that responsible companies can look to the future with optimism.(7)


Increasing supply chain pressure to get the smaller companies to measure-manage-change
GRI Standards 308 and 414 supplier assessment (environment and social), used in combination with any of the other environmental or social standards, will accelerate positive change. Smaller companies wishing to be part of the supply chain of larger companies will, as a matter of fact, have to provide the information required by these standards. Most importantly, SMEs will not be required to produce a full-scale report, as they will only be reporting on what matters (materiality) with a GRI referenced report.

What does this mean for the person in the street?

Experts on climate change are screaming ’emergency’, but politicians and other decision-makers around the world are either indifferent or dragging their feet, or not moving fast enough. Imagine a world where, despite these difficulties, the overwhelming majority of large companies, take action ASAP. A world where these companies take it upon themselves to clean their supply chains of emissions using GRI 308 Supplier Environmental Assessment in combination with GRI 305 Emissions. In essence, these companies will be using their buying power to implement the positive change that is so desperately needed and get the companies (SMEs) that are responsible for 90% of global economic activity to toe the line. At the same time, they will be able to tackle other key environmental issues (e.g. water, waste, biodiversity, and others).

Similarly, companies can leverage their strengths to implement positive outcomes for society. GRI 414 Supplier Social Assessment will help diminish bad practices in their supply chain. Companies will be able to address issues such as occupational health and safety, diversity and equal opportunity, child labour, forced or compulsory labour.


How the GRI Principles can help companies avoid being accused of greenwashing
I believe that companies might hold back from implementing positive change, in fear of being accused of greenwashing. In the digital age we live in, information is instantly and freely accessible throughout the globe and this applies to companies, too: people are able to instantly access information about a company’s policies, the impact of its activity, its reputation, with or without the company’s consent(8). The GRI Reporting Principles go a long way in helping companies demonstrate that they are not greenwashing(9). By requiring companies to report according to these principles, GRI helps them create a first-class report regarding both content and quality, and demonstrate that they are taking solid, focused action (materiality) on their most important impacts. In essence, companies are building their armour and, if a question appears on social or other media, they are able to simply say ‘we are dealing with this impact in a responsible way, you can find information on how we are constantly improving in our GRI Standards Sustainability Report’.


Strategy – Strategy – Strategy
Seeing 90% of the ‘forest’ (SMEs taking action) is material
In my opinion, we need to step back and see the forest. Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), responsible for around 90% of global economic activity, must begin to measure, manage and change. We should also refocus on the above-mentioned individual standards and reporting principles and, if/when needed, update/ streamline and make them more effective. By reconfiguring the Comprehensive Option we:
1) put in place the foundation for a solid strategy to address the urgent sustainability issues outlined above
2) give a real reason why large companies will use the comprehensive reporting option. They will demonstrate in no uncertain terms that they are spearheading positive change ASAP and promoting social and environmental responsibility throughout their supply chains(10)
3) get more of the SMEs, which represent 90% of the global economic activity, to engage in focused reporting (material topics)
4) streamline reporting for both large companies and SMEs that will not be required to provide a full report.


Could it all be in the name? Renaming Comprehensive to GRI-ActionPlus Option
Imagine how, through the GRI-ActionPlus Option, sustainability reporters will empower communication/ marketing/ PR departments of companies around the world. A mandatory GRI-ActionPlus logo on their Sustainability Report cover will enable them to demonstrate, through their GRI Sustainability Report and subsequent communication, that they are part of a positive chain reaction that is accelerating positive change around the globe.


Action has to be taken yesterday – US$12 trillion is the cherry on the cake
In view of the pressing issues we are facing regarding the environment, economy and society, we need to take urgent action. I invite companies to take positive action now, using the above-mentioned GRI Standards and report their progress in their next reporting cycle. Time is not on our side. The cherry on the cake is not just creating a better, more sustainable world for all of us. According to the ‘Better Business, Better World’ report by the Business and Sustainable Development Commission (BSDC), sustainable business practices will, by 2030, create, for corporations, tremendous market opportunities worth US$12 trillion  Tweet This! (11).


Simon Pitsillides

Sustainability Reporting and Marketing Communication Strategy Expert. Simon is a Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Marketing (FCIM) a Fellow of the Institute of Environmental Management and Assessment (FIEMA) and a Chartered Marketer, and holds an MBA in Marketing. He is a GRI and IEMA Trainer, the publisher of and owner of Simon teaches the FBRH GRI Standards Certified, IEMA & CIM Recognised Course (venue: London School of Economics (LSE).



80% of the world’s 250 largest companies report in accordance with the GRI Standards

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Research by well-recognised institutions is clearly proving that responsible companies can look to the future with optimism.

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(1) An exclusive interview with Tim Mohin, GRI’s new Chief Executive.
(2) A. Climate report: Scientists urge deep rapid change to limit warming.
B. UN Secretary General: Climate change is moving faster than we are.
C. Four former UN climate talks presidents urge action on climate change. The next two years are crucial
(3) GRI Disclosure 201-1 Direct economic value generated and distributed.
(4) GRI Standard 203 Indirect Economic Impacts.
(5) GRI Standard 308 Supplier Environmental Assessment.
(6) GRI Standard 414 Supplier Social Assessment.
(7) Why Sustainability is important.
(8) Laying the foundation for good communication with responsible CSR/ sustainability reporting.
(9) How not to be accused of Greenwashing.
(10) Over 100 case studies on demonstrate how companies are taking positive, focused action.
(11) BSDC: Achieving the UN Sustainable Development Goals will create, for businesses, opportunities worth US$12 trillion.
(12) FBRH Consultants Ltd is a GRI Standards Certified Training Partner (UK) and an Institute of Environmental Management and Assessment (IEMA) Training Partner.
(13) Institute of Environmental Management and Assessment (IEMA).
(14) 2-day FBRH GRI Standards Certified and IEMA Approved Training Course • London LSE.